Ocean Freight Services- Different Types Of Ocean Freight

Ocean freight

– one can assume from the name, it’s the goods transported in bulk via ocean. It is a very common form of transport for importers and exporters as 90% of the good is transported globally through Ocean.

However, Ocean freight is used more often than any other freight method, but it’s also more complicated than others why, let’s look at things at why you should use Ocean Freight for your business.

Why you should Choose Ocean Freight?

1. Cost-Effective
2. Heavy Goods

1. The transportation of goods via ocean is not only fast but also cost-effective, which is important for supply chain management and operations within a business and can also keep the prices of goods in reach of customers.
2. When the products are generally heavy, it is impossible to ship it through another way, using ocean freight is the only way to get goods overseas, as airline companies do not allow heavy goods.

Types of Shipping Terms

There are different types of shipping terms that you should be aware of, also known as Incoterms(International Commerce Terms), which tells about the goods; where they are, and from where they are dispatched from.

Starting from the level of work done by incoterms, there are four major shipping terms:


It stands for Delivery at port/ Delivery and Duty, unpaid, in DAP/DDYU delivered well all the way to your facility or warehouse, it does not include the cost of tariffs and taxes.


CIF, or Cost, Insurance and Freight, it covers the transport to the buyer’s country.

FOB or Free on Board:

FOB delivers to the port in the country of the supplier.


-With Ex-works, the seller makes the product available at a designated location, and the buyer incurs transport costs.

Different Types Of Ocean Freight Containers

The basic requirement for shipping goods through the ocean is the containers, containers are the most basic instrument, without them, logistics wouldn’t make sense, especially in the case of ocean transport. As it is estimated that more than 20 million containers are on the move at a given time worldwide. Choosing the container must remain the priority and shouldn’t be taken lightly, your main focus should be on the type of freight you want to transport.

Let’s take a look at the type of containers you need to ship the freight you want:

FCL Shipping Containers.

FCL or Full Container Load, are the containers that can be loaded and sealed, providing better security, everything inside belongs to the owner.
FLC containers refer to the use of a complete container for a single shipment, these kind of containers are suitable when there is a large number of goods to ship. It provides additional security to the goods, and faster delivery, as the container will go directly from origin to destination, FCL containers will not stop at ports along the way.

LCL Shipping Containers

LCL refers to less than container load, this is helpful and suitable for small cargo volumes. Unlike the FCL, there is no need for the use of a complete container for a single shipment, it belongs to freights of moderate volumes of goods belonging to several shippers until the container is filled.
Although LCL is slower, it is cost-friendlier as the cost is shared by shippers.

Dry Van Shipping Containers

Dry Van Containers are steel or aluminum containers recommended for general and dry goods. Dry Van Containers are widely used as they provide versatile options. The containers are built strongly and can be stacked up to 8 high.
Dry van shipping containers are watertight and only have doors on one side. The containers are 2.40 m wide, and have a height of 2.60, as far as the length is concerned, it comes with various options, and the most popular ones are those measuring 20 and 40 feet, or 6 and 12 meters.

Reefer Tank Shipping Containers

Reefer tank or Refrigerated Containers are used for goods requiring low temperature or requiring frozen conditions for their transport. The particular type of goods belong to this category are fruits, vegetables, and other foodstuffs. Sophisticated versions of the reefer tank even have a CO2 control system for the transportation of ripening foods.

What not to ship by ocean freight.

Avoid sending these following goods through ocean freight:
1. Airbags
2. Ammunition
3. Explosives
4. Gasoline

Ocean freight shipping services

Book ocean freight shipping services easily with Tenaxx Logistics. Our platform offers you quick quotes, full price transparency, and round-the-clock ocean freight tracking.
We offer ocean freight shipping services that cover the entire container freight transportation process including:

1. Pick up and delivery
2. Land transportation
3. Ocean freight transportation
4. Customs clearance
5. Documentation

Send your queries here- info@tenaxtransport.com or fill out the form to contact us today.