Ocean Freight Services- Different Types Of Ocean Freight

Ocean freight

– one can assume from the name, it’s the goods transported in bulk via ocean. It is a very common form of transport for importers and exporters as 90% of the good is transported globally through Ocean.

However, Ocean freight is used more often than any other freight method, but it’s also more complicated than others why, let’s look at things at why you should use Ocean Freight for your business.

Why you should Choose Ocean Freight?

1. Cost-Effective
2. Heavy Goods

1. The transportation of goods via ocean is not only fast but also cost-effective, which is important for supply chain management and operations within a business and can also keep the prices of goods in reach of customers.
2. When the products are generally heavy, it is impossible to ship it through another way, using ocean freight is the only way to get goods overseas, as airline companies do not allow heavy goods.

Types of Shipping Terms

There are different types of shipping terms that you should be aware of, also known as Incoterms(International Commerce Terms), which tells about the goods; where they are, and from where they are dispatched from.

Starting from the level of work done by incoterms, there are four major shipping terms:


It stands for Delivery at port/ Delivery and Duty, unpaid, in DAP/DDYU delivered well all the way to your facility or warehouse, it does not include the cost of tariffs and taxes.


CIF, or Cost, Insurance and Freight, it covers the transport to the buyer’s country.

FOB or Free on Board:

FOB delivers to the port in the country of the supplier.


-With Ex-works, the seller makes the product available at a designated location, and the buyer incurs transport costs.

Different Types Of Ocean Freight Containers

The basic requirement for shipping goods through the ocean is the containers, containers are the most basic instrument, without them, logistics wouldn’t make sense, especially in the case of ocean transport. As it is estimated that more than 20 million containers are on the move at a given time worldwide. Choosing the container must remain the priority and shouldn’t be taken lightly, your main focus should be on the type of freight you want to transport.

Let’s take a look at the type of containers you need to ship the freight you want:

FCL Shipping Containers.

FCL or Full Container Load, are the containers that can be loaded and sealed, providing better security, everything inside belongs to the owner.
FLC containers refer to the use of a complete container for a single shipment, these kind of containers are suitable when there is a large number of goods to ship. It provides additional security to the goods, and faster delivery, as the container will go directly from origin to destination, FCL containers will not stop at ports along the way.

LCL Shipping Containers

LCL refers to less than container load, this is helpful and suitable for small cargo volumes. Unlike the FCL, there is no need for the use of a complete container for a single shipment, it belongs to freights of moderate volumes of goods belonging to several shippers until the container is filled.
Although LCL is slower, it is cost-friendlier as the cost is shared by shippers.

Dry Van Shipping Containers

Dry Van Containers are steel or aluminum containers recommended for general and dry goods. Dry Van Containers are widely used as they provide versatile options. The containers are built strongly and can be stacked up to 8 high.
Dry van shipping containers are watertight and only have doors on one side. The containers are 2.40 m wide, and have a height of 2.60, as far as the length is concerned, it comes with various options, and the most popular ones are those measuring 20 and 40 feet, or 6 and 12 meters.

Reefer Tank Shipping Containers

Reefer tank or Refrigerated Containers are used for goods requiring low temperature or requiring frozen conditions for their transport. The particular type of goods belong to this category are fruits, vegetables, and other foodstuffs. Sophisticated versions of the reefer tank even have a CO2 control system for the transportation of ripening foods.

What not to ship by ocean freight.

Avoid sending these following goods through ocean freight:
1. Airbags
2. Ammunition
3. Explosives
4. Gasoline

Ocean freight shipping services

Book ocean freight shipping services easily with Tenaxx Logistics. Our platform offers you quick quotes, full price transparency, and round-the-clock ocean freight tracking.
We offer ocean freight shipping services that cover the entire container freight transportation process including:

1. Pick up and delivery
2. Land transportation
3. Ocean freight transportation
4. Customs clearance
5. Documentation

Send your queries here- info@tenaxtransport.com or fill out the form to contact us today.

Flatbeds vs. Heavy Haul Trucking

There are many transport options available when it comes to shipping heavy construction equipment. Flatbed trucking and heavy haul trucking are the two popular methods to ship heavy machineries such as cranes, excavators, and bulldozers. Let’s see which one is better and how.


Flatbed trailers are used to carry loads that are wide, over length, oversized, overweight, or any combination of these load types with great flexibility.
Flatbeds are suitable for transporting heavy loads and equipment that are not sensitive or vulnerable to precipitation such as construction equipment. Sometimes, goods will be covered with a tarp to prevent weather from damaging the freight. The unloading process in easier in the flatbed trailers as it may be unloaded from the sides, from the top, or from behind.


If your shipment is too wide, tall, or let say heavy, then it’s best to choose a heavy haul trucking option. A heavy haul truck consists of a truck tractor with an attached trailer. When using a heavy haul truck for transportation, the load will need permits (in terms of length, weight, height, and width) set for a particular state. The time period for getting the permit for hauling a heavy haul load could take a few hours or a few days depending on the state.


What to Choose?

It all depends on your shipping requirements. If you have construction equipment that is heavier, taller, longer, or wider, a heavy haul truck is ideal. But if you just have equipment that meets the routine permit limits, a flatbed truck should be enough for you.

Tenaxx Logistics

Here at Tenaxx Logistics, we have an experienced team that has the knowledge and access to the required equipment necessary to meet your heavy haul trucking needs. We also provide flatbed trucking with a variety of trailer types that are designed to fit the many needs required by different shipments.
Need your construction equipment transported? Contact us for a quote today.

FOB or EXW, Which One To Use?

FOB or EXW, Which one to use? International Commercial Terms or Incoterms can be confusing for any new importers, as things to be aware of include trust, picking the best option and the best solution to ship and import. With this article, we aim towards the common incoterms FOB or EXW, which are the basic essential terms to be familiar with when importing for outside your counter.


FOB is an acronym for ‘Free on Board’, it is a port to door shipment. It refers to a shipping arrangement where the seller or sender has ownership of the goods only until when the are loaded.

After the loading process supplier takes ownership at the point of departure from the seller’s shipping dock. The supplier is responsible for providing transportation of the goods sold to a main shipping origin point. The shipping origin point is a port as incoterms are used for international trade which in turn imports goods through the sea.

When a buyer or the receiver gets the ownership of goods then it is considered as a complete delivery or delivery is accomplished. If goods are damaged in transit, the buyer should file a complaint with the insurance carrier. The cost of delivering the product to you are included but further, all the costs will be handled by the buyer.

So, in short, FOB means that the first seller sends the product which with the help of the supplier, and then reaches to the buyer who later has to arrange and ship it to the desired location.

Advantages of FOB:

As a buyer, you don’t have to worry about documentation in the origin country except for clearance as this goes under the supplier’s responsibility. If a buyer is withdrawing the trade the seller can still recover the goods before the goods are loaded to port, similarly, the buyer doesn’t have to pay if he doesn’t get the desired quality or quantity.


FOB disadvantages include situations when the supplier refuses to pay the cost that has been agreed upon and similar scenarios related to charges.


EXW stands for Ex Works and it is a Door to Door shipment, all the cost, and the responsibilities are with the buyer. In Ex Works shipping term the only responsibility that the seller has is to ensure that goods are available when the buyer needs them. Ex Works term is used while making an initial quotation for the sale of goods without mentioning costs.


Buyer is the only one in charge, cost, risk, and transport will have to be dealt with by the buyer with which he can get the prices of all their costs upfront, Suppliers don’t add any margin to shipping.


Buyer is responsible for all the risks included within shipping to delivering at the door, Customs have different cost in countries which might lead to extra costing and the first time buyers don’t have an idea about the cost upfront.

EXW or FOB? :

Both these terms have their benefits and risks it depends on your knowledge of goods and of International commercial terms, with FOB being the most commonly used as it eliminates or splits the buyer’s responsibility, whereas in Ex-Works all costs and responsibility is to the buyer. FOB and EX Works both be used to get an idea about the costs and then make the right decision.



In LTL freight the volume of the shipment isn’t enough to fill the entire area of the truck or carrier. Freight between 150 lbs to 10,000 lbs is transported by LTL carriers. If your freight is above 10,000 lbs, you need to transport it by FTL carriers.
In LTL shipping, freight from multiple shippers is transported in the same freight container. Thus, LTL considered as a secure, quick and cost-saving alternative of FTL carriers.

Here we mentioned some guidelines which you should know before moving the shipment through LTL freight.

1. The first important task is to calculate the total weight of the freight and carefully examine its size and dimensions. Find out about your LTL freight class and NMFC (National Motor Freight Classification) number, which states the type of freight, is necessary to determine the shipping cost.

2. Search for a good LTL freight carrier in your town. You will get a long list of a logistics company to choose from.

3. Find the rate quote of selected logistics companies and compare the prices. Nowadays, most of the companies use standard freight rate quote application where you can submit the information about your freight and you will get an estimated price.

4. If you need any additional facility which does not cover by the standard freight shipping procedure, you are liable to pay ‘accessorial fees’ incurred by LTL carriers.

5. Prepare your freight as per the guideline of your LTL freight shipping company before the shipping date. The pick-up and delivery of the shipment should be time punctual as it is highly important in business. Thus, it is recommended to choose a logistics company with ample experience in LTL freight shipment like Tenaxx Logistics. Follow the LTL freight shipping guidelines when you are about to prepare your freight.

6. Ask the service provider company whether they provide shipment tracking service or not. Regardless if you want to ship freight across the country or outside the country, tracking service is a necessity.